Olive oil in antiquity
The Hippocratic Code found more than sixty pharmaceutical uses olive oil, with kyriotati use against skin diseases, and as a contraceptive agent. Indeed, a clear separation of oil, which, combined with wheat and wine, is the basis of Hippocratic arbitration than other oils, such as the mastic tree, the almond and oak.
In his book "Diet and Healing", Hippocrates wrote about oil: "The exercises in the dust and oil exercises differ in the following: The powder is cold, the oil is hot. In winter the oil more conducive to development, because it prevents the coldness to be removed from the body. In summer the oil producing melts the flesh as it warms due time The massaged with oil and water softens the body and leaves it to get too hot. "
With hot oil anoint women who miscarried, and particularly in cases of advanced pregnancy and in cases of mitrorrhagia given a mixture of cooked wild olive leaves in vinegar. To facilitate childbirth preparation suggests that "you make with resin contagiosum (kokorevithia), honey and oil in an amount of twice the previous and aromatic wine ', which must be drunk or rates.
Other olive oil applications listed by Hippocrates was in the treatment of chronic fevers, small wounds, filter cake, as the monks and abscesses, sore gums, and to maintain whiteness of teeth and as an antidote in cases of minor poisoning .
Plutarch in "Ethical" refers to the water treatment of mastitis and oil "ydrelaio".
In ancient healing the finest on all olive was that which gave the olive tree, which was a little unusual, and the oil of the first compressor (omfakinon), obtained by "soft" crushing of olives, without the interposition of hot water. According to Pliny, the oil obtained first pressing of olives when they are still white (unripe), and secondly when the olives begin to change color without, however, matured. The first omfakikon is white, the second green. The second is good for the gums and is excellent to keep teeth white.
In the inscriptions of the famous Asclepius Levina, Crete, where Hygiea Sotira worshiped states that "God gave a directive to be placed on oyster shell, once burned and sanded to make it smooth with oil flavored with roses and mallow oil '. In the sanctuary of Asclepius used the oil to manufacture special ointments and remedies.
Drinks finally leaves and olive flowers were used as cold drops for irritated eyes and the stomach ulcer. For grooming and hygiene cleaning and care athlete.
As cosmetic means olive oil is well known by the signs of Linear B. The oil is intended for personal cleanliness was good quality and often flavored with herbs and aromatic plants. In times when there were no soaps or cleaning materials and personal hygiene oil seems to play in this area a central role. In a recent study it was estimated that the oil needed per year in rich houses of ancient Athens was 200-300 kg and significant if one takes into account the efficiency of the olive trees and the technology of oil extraction capabilities.
In body care using specially scented oils and perfumes that were based on olive oil. The Olympian goddesses used a kind of "paste" from olive oil, which believed it had miraculous properties for the body. In Homer, for example, Hera smears her body with an aromatic oil. While women used scented oils, the men were limited to "pure" olive oil, for cleaning and hygiene.
Cleaning and care athlete. As regards the hygiene of the body, the ancient Greeks and Romans are perhaps the first to use olive oil to coat the muscles to keep them elastic. Athletes and those with higher social status using the oil and cleanliness of their bodies, which after coating removed with the help of "strigils", a special tool, and with it dust and sweat.
Democritus attached great importance to smearing the body with oil to maintain health. When even asked him how to be a healthy replied: "soaking the inside with honey and foreign oil."
General Hannibal knew that oil oil relaxes the whole body, so that, in winter, on the river Fountain, ordered his soldiers before the battle and after they eat well, then rubbed with olive oil.
In the Iliad, Odysseus with Diomedes first washed with warm water and immediately coated with oil. In Odyssey watch that Telemachus bath in Sparta, where, after the washed, anointed his body with oil.
In other sources we read that Greeks smear not only the manes of their horses with oil and their own hair, especially women, often their own clothes. On "Ecclesiazusae", for example, by Aristophanes, a young woman asks another to approach and sniff her hair had just smeared with perfumed oil.
As for the use of olive oil in the polishing machine, it is not impossible to be linked to the techniques practiced by the ancient Greeks, and which were based on extracts of various plants, while Hippocrates made clothes applicators reference oil even therapeutic reasons.